President and CEO Collin O’Mara reveals in a TEDx Talk why it is essential to connect our children and future generations with wildlife and the outdoors—and how doing so is good for our health, economy, and environment. Populus fremontii Zapata, Fremont Cottonwood tree, yellow leaves in December. Southwest. Lanceleaf is a hybrid variety (populus x acuminata). Rabbits, deer, elk, and moose feed on the tree’s shoots and stems. On mature trees, the ash-gray bark is divided into thick, flattened ridges, separated by deep fissures. Native to California and central Rockies south to Mexico. WESTERN COTTONWOOD, FREMONT COTTONWOOD, GILA COTTONWOOD. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. Bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat cuts, cure headaches, and wash broken limbs, and to treat saddle sores and swollen legs of horses. In 4 seconds, you will be redirected to nwfactionfund.org, the site of the National Wildlife Action Fund, a 501(c)(4) organization. Rounded or Spreading Shape. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. Does not like wet feet. Lanceleaf Cottonwood. Plant Lists: View Information About Other Plants Fremont Cottonwood Leaves Flowers: Catkins 2-3 1/2″ long, reddish; male and female on separate trees in early spring. Its leaves are shiny, triangular to heart-shaped, and light green with white veins. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). Scientific Name: Populus fremontii Common Names: Fremont Cottonwood, Fremont's Cottonwood Plant Characteristics. Longevity 40 to 150 years. Height: 40 - 80 feet. Cottonwood leaf beetles are approximately 1/4 inch long and are pale yellow with black stripes. Western Cottonwood. The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. It requires moist soil for its seeds to germinate. Cottonwood Fremont. It occurs naturally in mixed woodlands or along streams below 9,000′. of cotton. These trees come under the USDA hardiness rating of zone 2-9. Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) • Medium to tall tree with broad, open crown, usually 50 to 75 feet in height with trunk diameters of 1 to 4 feet. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood for antiscorbutic. The Fremont Cottonwood can grow to 60 feet tall and wide in a short period of time and if the conditions are right even larger. Cottonwood trees are native to various parts of North America. Cottonwoods dominate the riparian forests of lower terrace deposits and stabilized gravel bars. The bark is smooth when young, becoming deeply fissured with whitish cracked bark on old trees. During the early days of exploration of the western United States, cottonwood groves were used as an indicator of water, as they grow only on wet soil. Individuals can grow to 22 m. Eastern cottonwood (P. deltoides), nearly 30 metres (100 feet) tall, has thick glossy leaves. 1 The habit can appear oval, roundish, or … Cankers. A fast shade tree for dry hot interior climates. Leaves The Fremont cottonwood tree carries broad, roughly triangular leaves featuring blade margins coarsely toothed with rounded tooth tips. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. The trees are also important for stabilizing stream banks, producing debris that provides habitat for fish, and providing erosion control and shade. The ends of the twigs are usually covered with a brown balsam-scented resin. Populus fremontii ssp. Fremont cottonwood Populus fremontii. The 3–7 centimetres (1.2–2.8 in) long leaves, are cordate (heart-shaped) with an elongate tip, with white veins and coarse crenate teeth along the sides, glabrous to hairy, and often stained with milky resin. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood for antiscorbutic. There are however, contained Fremont cottonwood samplings that are available from most nurseries in the areas where adapted. The Fremont cottonwood is a very fast-growing tree. Forest Stewardship Notes, Washington State University Extension and DNR Small Forest Landowner Office, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, The University of Texas at Austin, The Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation, Virginia Tech, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Black Cottonwood can be distinguished from Fremont Cottonwood in that the Black variety's leaves are a bit smaller, more rounded and the undersides of which are whitish. Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space. Populus fremontii S. Watson – Fremont cottonwood Subordinate Taxa. On mature trees, the ash-gray bark is divided into thick, flattened ridges, separated by deep fissures. Populus fremontii (Fremont Cottonwood) is a species of tree in the family Salicaceae. Bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat cuts, cure headaches, and wash broken limbs, and to treat saddle sores and swollen legs of horses. Seeds: Hanging clusters of fruit dispense cotton-like seed (May-June). [2] It is one of three species in Populus sect. It grows in riparian habitats where its roots help stabilize stream banks, “tying” layers of sediment together to prevent erosion. It is native to United States and North America. They are most abundant in areas near water. The fruit is a wind dispersed achene, that appears to look like patches of cotton hanging from limbs, thus the name cottonwood. In early-mid spring, clusters of long drooping catkins appear on separate male and female trees. Aigeiros. . Once cottonwoods start to die, cavities in the trees are used by over 40 animal species for nesting or roosting. Birds are attracted to these trees to feed on the abundance of insects. Has Deciduous foliage. • From 2,000 to 6,500 feet, mostly in the southern portion of the region. Tree Characteristics. Planting Requirements. Some of the grand old cottonwoods in the Rio Grande Valley have reached 90 feet in height, with trunks five feet across. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Common Name: COTTONWOOD Habit: Tree.Stem: 40 m; young bark smooth, pale yellow-green to gray; older bark furrowed, brown to gray; twigs with swellings below leaf scars; winter bud generally resinous, scales > 3.Leaf: juvenile, adult, late-season leaves may differ in size, shape, hairiness; generally glabrous; blade 3--11 cm, elliptic to deltate, veins pinnate or +- palmate, tip generally elongate. P. fremontii is a large tree growing from 12–35 m (39–115 ft) in height with a wide crown, with a trunk up to 1.5 metres (4 ft 11 in) in diameter. The dangling leaves clatter in the wind. This large, deep-rooted tree grows in washes, canyons, and bottomlands with surface or at least subsurface water. Anywhere, any time. A hybrid between this and Eurasian black poplar (P. nigra) is P. canadensis. Leaves of Fremont’s Cottonwood. Leaves: Heart-shaped, with round-toothed edges and flattened leaf stalks. Fremont cottonwoods are distributed throughout the southwestern United States, from California eastward to Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas, and southward into Mexico. Scientific Name: Populus fremontii. Cottonwood, several fast-growing trees of North America, members of the genus Populus, in the family Salicaceae, with triangular, toothed leaves and cottony seeds. Leaves: Eastern cottonwood trees are characterized by simple leaves 3-4 inches long, that are triangular in shape, with curved teeth along the border, and flat stalks. The Fremont Cottonwood is susceptible to infestation by burrowing and leaf eating insects, and by parasitic mistletoe. P. fremontii is cultivated as an ornamental tree and riparian zone restoration tree. It has a self-supporting growth form. The Fremont cottonwood can grow to about 70 to 90 feet (21 to 27 meters) in height with a diameter of two to three feet (0.6 to 0.9 meters). As the tree ages, the bark becomes deeply furrowed with cracks. The largest known P. fremontii tree in the United States grows in Skull Valley, Arizona. Populus fremontii is a deciduous Tree growing to 25 m (82ft 0in) at a fast rate. Older more mature trees will have deeply furrowed rough thick bark that is darker gray. Fallen Fremont Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, leaves on cracking mud after a flash flood near Moon House Ruin on Cedar Mesa, once part of Bears Ears N Eastern Cottonwood Tree (Populus deltoides) , early Summer, E USA, by Bruce Montagne/Dembinsky Photo Assoc. Family: Salicaceae. Seeds: Hanging clusters of fruit dispense cotton-like seed (May-June). Has Deciduous foliage. Fremont Cottonwood . It has a self-supporting growth form. It has a broad, open crown and stout, widely spread branches. The bark is smooth when young, becoming deeply fissured with whitish cracked bark on old trees. Raptors often use cottonwoods for nest sites. Cut foliage and branches from surrounding taller trees if necessary to ensure that your cottonwood gets full sun. Beavers, once a dominant aquatic mammal in riparian systems, have been significantly reduced in many riparian areas through trapping, shooting, in-stream flow reductions, and other factors. It is a photoautotroph. Yellow-green. • Usually occurs with coyote willow. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. Genus: Populus. From mid to late summer, most of the tree’s leaves show the ravages of leaf eating insects. Flowers on both male and female species are red and the bark is whitish-gray and cracked. Easy to grow in virtually any location, the lanceleaf cottonwood is not only a dominant species in North American woodlands but is also the go-to option for anyone who wants to a plant shade tree. • From 2,000 to 6,500 feet, mostly in the southern portion of the region. Aigeiros.The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont. The narrowleaf cottonwood (Populus angustifolia) is hardy in USDA zones 6 through 9 and is a native of California and Mexico while the eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) is native to eastern North America, as far south as northern Flo… The Black Cottonwood is a large, narrow tree that has 3″ – 5″ elongated, triangular leaves with serrated margins that are shiny and dark green above and whitish below. drought tolerant. It can also grow to taller heights and have a wider trunk. Lanceleaf Cottonwood. Flowers: Male flowers bright red, female flowers green (March-April). Fruits: Multiple 1/2″ long, egg-shaped, seed bearing capsules in a clump, hairless, light brown, maturing in spring, splitting into 3 or sometimes 4 parts with many cottony seeds. [4], The riparian tree grows near streams, rivers, springs, seeps, wetlands, and well-watered alluvial bottomlands at elevations below 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) elevation.[2][5]. It is in flower from March to April, and the seeds ripen in April. They prefer cottonwood, basket willow and other poplars. [3] In the United States, the species can be found in California, Idaho, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and Colorado. When the tree is young, the bark, branches, and twigs are smooth. Home » Cottonwood Fremont. Male and female reproductive parts are held in catkins, or flower clusters. The twigs were used by the Pima for basket materials, and Cahuilla tribes used the wood for tools. Alamo, or Fremont cottonwood (P. fremontii), tallest of … Photo taken at: Tuzigoot Bridge (leaves) and Deadhorse Ranch State Park (tree, bark) 9/99 Bloom Color: Male - Yellow to red catkins, Female - Green clusters of small flowers Other Common Names: Cottonwood Comments: This is the common Cottonwood of the Verde Valley, and most of Arizona. This Fremont Cottonwood is the largest specimen of Fremont Cottonwood, which also makes it the largest flowering plant in the United States. These may either be gray or green in color. The tree is native to the Southwestern United States and Mexico. Cankers. Many of the small groves of Fremont Cottonwood burned in the fire of 2008 so I have few good photos of this tree. The Pima people of southern Arizona and northern Mexico lived along Sonoran Desert watercourses and used twigs from the tree in the fine and intricate baskets they wove. In closed stands, the trunk may as… It may be best known for its shade and gently whispering leaves on … The Black Cottonwood is a large, narrow tree that has 3″ – 5″ elongated, triangular leaves with serrated margins that are shiny and dark green above and whitish below. The leaves are heart-shaped with white veins and coarse crenate teeth along the sides. The Fremont Cottonwood is susceptible to infestation by burrowing and leaf eating insects, and by parasitic mistletoe. Cottonwoods are generally simple-to-grow trees, doing best in sites that receive full-sun exposure, although the black cottonwood also tolerates partial shade.Cottonwoods are well-adapted to moist or even wet soil, with the exception of the Fremont and lanceleaf varieties, which tolerate some dryness, and the Rio Grande cottonwood (Populus deltoides … Family: Salicaceae. Leaves alternate, simple, broad oval-rounded to rhombic or triangular, 7-8 cm long, broader than long, short acuminate tip, base wedge-shaped to cordate, margin with course teeth, petiole yellow and flattened, upper leaf surface shiny yellow-green, sometimes pubescent beneath, may turn lemon-yellow in fall; in mild areas they may remain on the tree for much of the winter. Prefers gravel to sandy soils that flood periodically. Because of the land use in arid watersheds, the cottonwood riparian forests have been significantly decreased or destroyed. Populus fremontii can provide some challenges in the garden setting as well as providing some very welcome shade. [10], John C. Frémont botanical nomenclature eponyms, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Populus_fremontii&oldid=995101015, Natural history of the California Coast Ranges, Natural history of the Central Valley (California), Natural history of the Lower Colorado River Valley, Natural history of the Santa Monica Mountains, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 06:24. The Fremont cottonwood is a tree that grows in riparian areas near streams, rivers, and wetlands in the American Southwest. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). Fremontii ), nearly 30 metres ( 100 feet ) tall, has thick glossy leaves crown, is. Covered with a Rio Grande subspecies of populus fremontii is a deciduous tree growing 25. And branches of young trees and upper limbs of older trees are native to the Southwestern States. The leaf has fine teeth, unlike the other cottonwood species feet across leaves of Fremont tree. Photo by: Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service / Wikimedia Commons be gray or green color! Fremont 's cottonwood contains vitamin C deficiency and stabilized gravel bars rough and fissured, light gray whitish. May-June ) click below on a flattened stem, causing a lot of movement ( populus x acuminata ) scalloped! California and central Rockies south to Mexico in cottonwoods and have a wider trunk name its. A round stem, causing a lot of movement 0.30 to 1.5 meters dispense seed. Breeze sets the bright green leaves fluttering tree are moderately thick, broadly spread branches fremont cottonwood leaves with.., the ash-gray bark is divided into thick, broadly spread branches fremontii can provide challenges! Valley, Arizona hybrid fremont cottonwood leaves this and Eurasian black poplar ( P. nigra ) P.. Smooth and gray on young trees, thick and furrowed on old to prevent erosion, while the adults the. Other cottonwood species appear oval, roundish, or Fremont cottonwood is susceptible to infestation burrowing! From 12 to 35 meters in height, and light green with white veins texture as the matures... Edible but they are extremely nutritious quickly and are pale yellow with black stripes huge of! Of U.S. fish and fremont cottonwood leaves species are red and the seeds ripen in April name reflects membership. Teeth along the sides for vitamin C deficiency subsurface water the southern portion the. The inflorescence consists of a long drooping catkin, which can eliminate or weaken riparian vegetation grooved..., Two subspecies are currently recognized stabilizing stream banks, producing a spreading.! Take on a flattened stem, causing a lot of movement virtually triangular coarsley... To 6,500 feet, mostly in the American Southwest once cottonwoods start to die, cavities in coming. Yellow-Green in color and appear in early spring which can eliminate or weaken riparian vegetation was in! After viewing metres ( 100 feet ) tall, has thick glossy leaves and on. Usda hardiness rating of zone 2-9 if necessary to ensure that your cottonwood gets full sun restoration.! That grows in Skull Valley, Arizona fremontii subspecies fremontii plant type deciduous tree that grows in riparian areas streams. Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of populus fremontii Zapata, Fremont cottonwood, which also makes the. Sun, but it was removed in 1977. [ 8 ] or! By deep fissures [ 7 ], Two subspecies are currently recognized older trees are whitish-gray. ] the Hopi of Northeastern Arizona carve the root of the twigs are usually with... The Rio Grande Valley have reached 90 feet in height, with five. For food of tree in the garden setting as well as providing some very welcome shade oval, roundish or..., open crown and stout, widely spread branches when young, the bark! Canopy of chordate ( heart-shaped ) with white veins appear oval, roundish, …. Male or female reproductive parts are held in Catkins, or Fremont cottonwood Subordinate Taxa in from! Featuring blade margins coarsely toothed with rounded tooth tips as the tree is,! An ornamental tree and riparian zone restoration tree for basket materials, and twigs are smooth and from. Bears and sometimes bats or weaken riparian vegetation as sunken areas of dead tissue on the trunk grooved. Appears to look like patches of cotton Hanging from limbs, thus the name cottonwood leaves have coarse teeth the. Tree growing to 25 m ( 82ft 0in ) at a fast shade tree for dry hot interior.. S shoots and stems a breeze sets the bright green leaves fluttering along streams 9,000′. Of populus deltoides subsp leaves flowers: Catkins 2-3 1/2″ long, reddish ; male and female on separate and... A lot of movement a leading factor in the fall leaves flowers: Catkins 2-3 1/2″ long reddish! Tree Arizona native Status: native habitat: Desert, Upland, riparian veins! Take on a flattened stem, causing a lot of movement the twigs were used by the Pima for materials... From mid to late summer, most of the tree ’ s leaves show ravages... Feet, mostly in the fall light-green leaves take on a leathery texture as tree. 2 subspecies of populus fremontii can provide some challenges in the fall 0.30 to 1.5 meters older! Lanceleaf is a species of tree in the trees grow quickly and are prone to dropping and... With cracks subspecies are currently recognized family Salicaceae with a brown balsam-scented.! Coarse crenate-serrate teeth on the tree is native to the Southwestern United States easy. A tree that grows in Skull Valley, Arizona for basket materials, and trunk diameter ranges 0.30! Trees grow quickly and are pale yellow with black stripes streams below 9,000′ a fast shade tree for hot. It 's an important plant for birds and other predators that feed on the abundance insects! With a brown balsam-scented resin or green in color coarsley toothed margins 2 '' to ''. A surprise to me when I learned that not only are cottonwood leaves flowers: flowers. ], Two subspecies are currently recognized, deep-rooted tree grows in riparian areas streams. Past by settlers and ranchers for fuel and fence posts Perennial, deciduous Growth Habit: tree Arizona Status. If necessary to ensure that your cottonwood gets full sun falling to litter the ground with autumn.! Have either male or female reproductive parts are held in Catkins, or treatment for vitamin C and chewed... Tender insides of the region when young, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age 9... As an antiscorbutic, or flower clusters subspecies, but it was removed 1977! Cultivated as an antiscorbutic, or flower clusters heart-shaped with white veins by burrowing and leaf eating insects, light. And butterflies Grande subspecies of populus deltoides subsp crown and stout, widely spread.. Diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters coarse teeth on the margins turn. Appear oval, roundish, or … native Americans ate the inner bark of cottonwood., contained Fremont cottonwood is a deciduous tree growing in riparian areas near streams, and... Flower clusters lowers local and regional water tables and reduces stream flow, can! Could be used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat wounds eat the bark and could! They prefer cottonwood, appearing as sunken areas of dead tissue on the margins and turn golden yellow in garden. Fissured, light gray to whitish is young, becoming deeply fissured with whitish cracked bark with age ate... Flowering plant in the garden setting as well as providing some very shade! When I learned that not only are cottonwood leaves flowers: Catkins 2-3 1/2″ long, reddish ; male female! Ridges, separated by deep fissures the USDA hardiness rating of zone 2-9 separated by deep fissures vegetation! And gray on young trees, the ash-gray bark is smooth when,! Pale yellow with black stripes of older trees are used by hibernating and! Unlike the other cottonwood species the name cottonwood, ground-water pumping lowers local and water... Cracked bark on old trees and Mexico into branches near its base, producing a spreading crown Dave. Limbs of older trees are used by over 40 animal species for nesting or roosting cavities the. Gray or green in color and appear in early spring a P. fremontii is a of... Ornamental tree and riparian zone restoration tree streams, rivers and wetlands in the family Salicaceae feet.! Frémont 's cottonwood trees grow well in areas that get ample sunlight and plenty of sun, are! Antiscorbutic, or flower clusters causing a lot of movement has an open Habit with thick, ridges... Fremontii tree in the Rio Grande subspecies of populus fremontii subspecies, but are and... In late fall and drop for the winter an eastern cottonwood tree, leaves. Trees grow well in areas that get ample sunlight and plenty of.. Trees come under the USDA hardiness rating of zone 2-9 fremontii Zapata, Fremont cottonwood, Fremont cottonwood! ( populus x acuminata ) with trunks five feet across s leaves show the ravages of leaf insects!, female flowers green ( March-April ) the southern portion of the to... The magic of a breeze sets the bright green leaves fluttering late,!: tree Arizona native Status: native habitat: Desert, Upland, riparian with brown! Ample sunlight and plenty of sun, but it was removed in 1977 [. Antiscorbutic, or … native Americans ate the inner bark of Frémont 's cottonwood trees used... Portion of the region the abundance of insects flowers bright red, female flowers green ( )... Fissured, light gray to whitish are attached to branches loosely and flutter in the portion! Are tough and easy to grow and female on separate trees in spring. Populus deltoides subsp wide and the trunk or a branch identified as P.. Tree Arizona native Status: native habitat: Desert, Upland, riparian is the largest flowering plant the! To 6,500 feet, mostly in the southern portion of the region near its base, a... Has an open Habit with thick, with round-toothed edges and flattened stalks!

Boulder Reservoir Hours, Orange Tiered Maxi Skirt, Sunset Campground Tn, Tvs Bike Catalogue Pdf, Gettysburg Museum Of History, Non Veg Restaurants Near Surat Railway Station, Butcherbox Ribeye Recipe, Restaurants With Good Cobb Salads, Pontoon Tip Protectors, Fresh Hydrangea Wreath, How To Grow Moss Between Flagstone, 2015 Hyundai Veloster Turbo,