Specifically, the military wanted a new rifle chambered in an intermediate cartridge, capable of automatic fire, and equipped with a detachable magazine. There’s also a mindset difference. Like many other cartridges developed in the United States, the story of the .270 and .308 Winchester begins with the .30-06 Springfield. It is great for hunting big game such as moose and elk, although while talking about the .308 vs .270, the .270 is a formidable opponent. I started out hunting mule deer with a borrowed Winchester 30-30 and had very good luck with it. While the differences between them (.270 vs 308) are pretty significant in some respects, they’re both acceptable for a wide range of hunting tasks. Therefore, I rule out using the .308 for moose because I think a 165 grain bullet is too light for an animal that size unless you have the velocity created by the .270 Win. Thoughts? Let’s break down the differences in speed of travel and force of impact with the .270 vs .308. Some hunters report that the .270 is a nearly ideal elk cartridge. When choosing a rifle and trying to decide between these two chamberings, your purpose will be one thing that determines what you may want to choose. 308 left, 30-06 right What’s great about both the 308 and 30-06. By Joseph von Benedikt. Buy some great .308 Winchester hunting ammo here. In fact, if a sporting goods store only carried ammo for three different centerfire rifle cartridges, I’d bet money they’d have .270, .308, and .30-06 ammo. Simple fact is with a premium bullet both the 270 and 7mm-08 are perfectly adequate given good shot placement. The original .270 Winchester load shot a 130 grain bullet at a velocity of 3,140 feet per second (2,846 ft-lbs of energy). It is my deer load. Mag. The US Army began the search for a new rifle and cartridge after receiving a deadly demonstration of the capabilities of the revolutionary new Mauser rifle and 7mm Mauser cartridge in the hands of Spanish troops in Cuba during 1898. This can cause excess barrel wear and damage. Especially with the great bullets we have available today the .270 is just fine for elk…but I remain convinced that the .30-06 is better for elk, and certainly better for moose and bear. ... Because a 150gr .270 has a high sectional density than a 150gr .308. For that reason, users of the .308 Winchester benefit from the extensive the research and development that has gone into refining .308″ bullets and rifles for long range shooting in the United States over the last century. The .270 is a necked down 30-06. The .270 bullet is about 10% as big as the .308 Winchester with the same size casing that has been necked down to fit a .277 diameter bullet, but has been known to take down animals ranging from things smaller than Coyotes to animals like elk and moose. Bullet selection becomes really important with a 150 grain pill fired out of a .308 intended for elk. Within a few decades, the .270 Winchester was firmly entrenched as one of the most popular hunting cartridges used in the United States. Some will argue that the 308 is better because heavier bullets are available. One, lung-shot by a client with a .270, reared as might a horse then fell backward, … I prefer the Barnes TSX but to each his own. Especially when using a heavy bullet (180+ grains), the .308 has a significant advantage when hunting most plains game in Africa like blue wildebeest, kudu, and eland. Higher velocity certainly means higher KE and flatter shooting, but it doesn’t guarantee penetration. Virtually every major style of bullet is available in .270 and .308 as well like the Barnes TTSX, the Hornady ELD-X, GMX, InterBond, InterLock, SST, and V-Max, the Nosler AccuBond, AccuBond Long Range, Ballistic Tip, E-Tip, and Partition, the Remington Core Lokt, the Swift Scirocco and A-Frame, and the Winchester Power Point (just to name a few). Shot placement is the important thing. For elk, I`d feel comfortable with either one. Basically, there is no shortage of quality .270 Win and .308 Win factory ammunition suitable for hunting. My open country load is a Sierra 130gr SPBT @ 2940 to 3000 fps depending on which rifle I have in my hands. Final Thoughts – Which Should You Choose? 308 vs 270. The Big Game Hunting Blog is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com, Amazon.co.uk, Amazon.ca, Amazon.com.au, and other Amazon stores worldwide. I have always been a believer in heavier bullets regardless of the difference in drift because of lower BCs with heavy’s. The .270 Winchester has a significantly longer case length (2.54″ vs 2.015″) as well as overall length (3.34″ vs 2.81″). They’re both about the same up to 150 gr bullets, but 160 and 175 gr bullets are easily obtained for 280R, and in a wide variety of cartridge and bullet makers. By necking down the .30-06 case to shoot smaller diameter bullets, the designers of the .270 Winchester built a cartridge with a higher velocity, flatter trajectory, and less recoil than the .30-06 Springfield. 6.5 Creedmoor. Mag. https://thebiggamehuntingblog.com/270-vs-280-remington-vs-280-ackley-improved-vs-7mm-mag/, Great article both of these rounds are plenty capable of humanly killing most North American medium to large game 6.5 Creedmoor vs. 270 - which cartridges are an ideal companion when hunting?Finding the answer to this question is no piece of cake. This data is for Federal factory ammo using a 200 yard zero. By the same token, the .270 has taken untold numbers of moose, elk and plains game without any issues. Aside, I'm a 308 fan and this year's elk season will find me toting a 308 stoked with 165 Accubonds. This is only a preference, not a requirement for me. I`m open to try bullets that I haven`t tried before. As we have discussed throughout this article, the choice really comes down to you and your purpose that you have in mind as you choose between these two different rounds. I like the .270 for its flat shooting and hard hittting abilties over long range. 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