/Contents 80 0 R /F2 36 0 R 177 0 R 178 0 R 179 0 R 180 0 R 181 0 R 182 0 R 183 0 R 184 0 R 185 0 R 186 0 R] /F1 35 0 R /F4 38 0 R The symbolic use is a signi- ficative aspect of tradition in Africa as well as in Brazil. /XObject << 109 0 R] /Type /Pages Plectranthus amboinicus is a medicinal plant widely used in Brazil, especially in the northeast region, for the treatment of various diseases, including cancer. /S /Transparency The plant is distributed throughout India and is as folklore medicinal plant used to … 15 [286 0 R 287 0 R 288 0 R 289 0 R 290 0 R 291 0 R] /StructParents 12 /F2 36 0 R Plectranthus Introduction. /S /Transparency The medical properties of plants are based on the presence of certain phytochemicals in them. extract of P. amboinicus. /XObject << endobj /Type /Page << 256 0 R 256 0 R 256 0 R 256 0 R 256 0 R 256 0 R 256 0 R 256 0 R 256 0 R 256 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] /Tabs /S /F4 38 0 R /CS /DeviceRGB 149 0 R 150 0 R 151 0 R 152 0 R 153 0 R 154 0 R 155 0 R 156 0 R] Plectranthus amboinicus bangun, bebangun, or locally known as bangun- sedingin or hati-hati hijau, is an indigenous vegetable which can be freshly eaten.The leaf of P. amboinicus has many medicinal uses, especially for the treatment of common illnesses such as of cough, stomachache, headache, skin infection, asthma and urinary >> /Parent 2 0 R /Contents 52 0 R 0000049868 00000 n /F4 38 0 R >> /F8 42 0 R 0000023414 00000 n /Type /Group /Meta50 57 0 R 0000034055 00000 n /Resources << >> /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] endobj >> >> A wide variety of Plectranthus species are used in the traditional medicine of southern Africa. Plectranthus amboinicus is a large succulent herb, fleshy and highly aromatic, much branched, possessing short soft erect hairs, with distinctive smelling leaves. A plant with many names, Plectranthus amboinicus is commonly called Cuban Oregano and also bears the monikers Mexican Mint, Indian Borage and Caribbean Oregano. 12 0 obj EP2596798B1 EP12401234.5A EP12401234A EP2596798B1 EP 2596798 B1 EP2596798 B1 EP 2596798B1 EP 12401234 A EP12401234 A EP 12401234A EP 2596798 B1 EP2596798 B1 EP 2596798B1 Authority /Contents 49 0 R /S /Transparency /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] >> /Parent 2 0 R /Tabs /S /Annots [87 0 R] Plectranthus species are extensively used in various parts of the world as ornamentals, source of food and have numerous medicinal uses. Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour) Spreng also called as Indian borage has been in use in the Indian system of medicine. /Type /Group /StructParents 8 /CreationDate (D:20101202133000) /Type /Page /Resources << /XObject << This work suggested that 70% of medicinal Plectranthus species belonged to the Coleus Clade and that medicinal usage tended to be concentrated in particular clades across the phylogeny. /Contents 81 0 R 0000005140 00000 n /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] >> endobj /Producer /Contents 83 0 R /Marked true << /Group << /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] The extract also exhibited antiplatelet aggregation ability, antibacterial activity, and antiproliferative effect against cancer cell lines: Caco-2, HCT-15, and MCF-7. 6 [207 0 R 208 0 R 209 0 R 210 0 R 211 0 R 212 0 R 213 0 R 214 0 R 215 0 R 216 0 R Comparative studies on total phenol, total flavonoid, and DPPH free radical scavenging potential was carried out on raw and cooked extracted of P. amboinicus. 0000004183 00000 n /CS /DeviceRGB >> 11 0 obj 240 0 R 241 0 R 242 0 R 243 0 R 244 0 R 244 0 R 244 0 R 244 0 R 244 0 R 244 0 R >> /Type /Group x��]K�$�q�ϯ� 6�� |ɰ���A���lJ���}�YU�U��������! 0000050662 00000 n /Meta56 62 0 R >> 0000050900 00000 n << /Type /Page >> /Type /Page /Parent 2 0 R 0000036147 00000 n /F1 35 0 R /F8 42 0 R /rgid (PB:245177858_AS:102015938072577@1401333904736) /F11 48 0 R /F2 36 0 R Other uses of plants are essentially based on beliefs, values, symbols or signs. It is sometimes cultivated as an ornamental and also for medicinal uses and for its edible leaves, ... A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. 17 0 obj /Group << 0000059125 00000 n 0000003771 00000 n 0000022966 00000 n endobj endobj << Its edible, fragrant, rounded leaves bear a terminal point, serrated margins and a soft pubescence. Medicinal use was mapped to the Paton et al. /Resources << Phytochemical evaluation of the extract revealed the occurrence of total phenolic… /Resources << Oregano, suganda, coleus ambonicus : Philippine Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Dr Godofredo Stuart, including folkloric uses, chemical properties, botanical information, and medicinal studies. /Group << /F1 35 0 R >> /Type /Page >> /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /Parent 2 0 R /Meta65 70 0 R /Type /Page /Group << 16 0 obj >> >> Scientific Name: Plectranthus amboinicus. /Group << 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R << /F8 42 0 R >> 0000036552 00000 n /F3 37 0 R >> /Type /Group /S /Transparency /F9 43 0 R /F1 35 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] 271 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R /Meta67 72 0 R trailer << /Size 101 /Info 40 0 R /Root 43 0 R /Prev 284316 /ID[<8ea6730c056afbed8712c6a63cb927e6>] 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Patel R et al., (2010) evaluated the … A decoction of the leaves is used for several medicinal purposes, especially respiratory diseaseslikecongestion,bronchitis,sourthroat,anddigestive /StructParents 4 /Resources << 5 [187 0 R 188 0 R 189 0 R 190 0 R 191 0 R 192 0 R 193 0 R 194 0 R 195 0 R 196 0 R /K [22 0 R] ��|��Cցm��x�T00��7ls``�f|�j��d�y�������0�?p%p3�1nb��2A�C��I\�s�4��[0����!CSw��U~��P�e`1���@fKN���2�,���4�3(\��z� �Ue`�3x ʓp� endstream endobj 100 0 obj 396 endobj 45 0 obj << /CropBox [ 0 0 612.283 790.866 ] /Parent 39 0 R /Contents [ 66 0 R 73 0 R 75 0 R 77 0 R 83 0 R 89 0 R 91 0 R 98 0 R ] /Rotate 0 /MediaBox [ 0 0 612.283 790.866 ] /Thumb 29 0 R /Resources 46 0 R /Type /Page >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Font << /F1 61 0 R /F2 48 0 R /F3 50 0 R /F4 52 0 R /F5 51 0 R /F6 65 0 R /F7 71 0 R /F8 81 0 R /F9 87 0 R >> /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /ExtGState << /GS1 94 0 R >> >> endobj 47 0 obj << /StemV 0 /FontName /HLNNOM+AdvP47D4A3 /FontFile3 95 0 R /Flags 32 /Descent -195 /FontBBox [ -156 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/WinAnsiEncoding /Type /Font >> endobj 53 0 obj << /StemV 0 /FontName /HLNNON+AdvP47D8EF /FontFile3 96 0 R /Flags 32 /Descent -195 /FontBBox [ -156 -208 1125 802 ] /Ascent 714 /CapHeight 714 /XHeight 517 /Type /FontDescriptor /ItalicAngle 0 /CharSet (/space/P/l/e/c/t/r/a/n/h/u/s/m/b/o/i) >> endobj 54 0 obj << /Length 340 /Filter /FlateDecode >> stream 5 0 obj 254 0 R 254 0 R 254 0 R 254 0 R 254 0 R 254 0 R 254 0 R 255 0 R 256 0 R 256 0 R /F11 48 0 R /F4 38 0 R is a perennial herb belonging to the family Lamiaceae which occurs naturally throughout the tropics and warm regions of Africa, Asia and Australia. /F11 48 0 R 282 0 R 282 0 R 283 0 R 284 0 R 285 0 R] >> /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /F8 42 0 R /Tabs /S /StructParents 14 1 110 0 R 2 [111 0 R 112 0 R 113 0 R 114 0 R 115 0 R 116 0 R 117 0 R 118 0 R 119 0 R 120 0 R 0000053031 00000 n /F6 84 0 R Plectranthus amboinicus is a commonly available medicinal herb in India. /S /Transparency /Type /Group /Resources << 98 0 R 99 0 R 100 0 R 101 0 R 102 0 R 103 0 R 104 0 R 104 0 R 104 0 R 104 0 R Plectranthus amboinicus is an attractive, evergreen perennial plant with lemon-scented, ... from the wild, mainly for local use as a food and medicine. 42 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 45 /H [ 1714 518 ] /L 285284 /E 59932 /N 6 /T 284326 >> endobj xref 42 59 0000000016 00000 n /F8 42 0 R 121 0 R 122 0 R 123 0 R 124 0 R 125 0 R 126 0 R 127 0 R 128 0 R] /Resources << >> 0000036168 00000 n 0000054464 00000 n /Meta53 59 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /F8 42 0 R /F1 35 0 R Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour) Spreng. 8 [230 0 R] >> << /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] /MarkInfo << Spreng. /Font << 0000034624 00000 n << 0000004867 00000 n /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] >> << Plectranthus amboinicus is an edible, nutritive plant. 11 [238 0 R 239 0 R 239 0 R 239 0 R 239 0 R 239 0 R 239 0 R 239 0 R 239 0 R 239 0 R /Author (anuj) /F1 35 0 R 0000006423 00000 n What are the Uses and Health Benefits of Indian Borage (Plectranthus amboinicus)? /CS /DeviceRGB >> 256 0 R 256 0 R 256 0 R 257 0 R 258 0 R 259 0 R 259 0 R 259 0 R 259 0 R 259 0 R [1] About 85% of all species of Plectranthus known to man have been reported to have medicinal value. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. /Meta68 73 0 R 0000037170 00000 n 7 [228 0 R 229 0 R] /F7 41 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] 3 0 obj << >> /F1 35 0 R /Type /Page /Contents [85 0 R 86 0 R] /Font << /Image40 51 0 R /Group << /Contents 58 0 R >> ]� ��ǟ9���͗�x�'Ph����_�5�Tr4�P�����uO��厽��;��SK��8Q3{lI��kN1�wr�f� SwJ�S�IO�6�3��.�����7�L��qt>η�8~ϝ9G�ؾ�w:������x�����zN��osݹg����y�������c�]I�@�5әαM)���'�=mS��n�S��K��x�{d:�D�g�ܐϜ깷����Ï�[���?�N5 ,��q]����c8~��o��8�PzQ�!��{.�9K��;5��l\L8�U~~������;y�"s�r�뛿3W�9s�J�.�%>K0�� ���~Ν�&�5������ �-�B��՝o�w����nz��;��p?�8���VU��̴�����"��"�����!���NW�}lW7����n����Ue��vUɽ��t=��|���s�i�!�~?�o;��-�k�x�3j���z��v����MvGm�!��Us��xg.�g�JO��F���t�7h�jQ��g�ey���N��;�����;q�����������9'�z�ս���6��� ݟ�ӳ�]nU>|~=&�o� I�� *r�;��se��x�ion��9��I��d�G �S�H��������w�A��/�Z�9����.��m�&���w����!�Z3�z�d��0�Yk���k�S��g�`�]���ĬQ{Ɲ:�m:Κ���i^�WԜ25ܜR���`�n1�Cr�#N��w�.�+�N�J���'�0I7�l��zĩ�|��T��̣�j1��wn)�e� �YK݆�eȻM� _�Yc��Δ䛷��� �ݘ�%�?T^��p�2�o�Qd��,�. /F1 35 0 R /Image45 54 0 R /F4 38 0 R /Parent 2 0 R /Type /Group /Contents 46 0 R >> /Font << /Meta62 68 0 R 20 0 obj endobj /F3 37 0 R /Length 7754 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 236 0 R 237 0 R] /Type /Group 127 0 R 128 0 R 295 0 R 131 0 R 296 0 R 156 0 R 157 0 R 297 0 R 298 0 R 299 0 R 167 0 R 168 0 R 169 0 R 170 0 R 171 0 R 172 0 R 173 0 R 174 0 R 175 0 R 176 0 R It belongs to the family Lamiaceae and is also known as country borage in English [ ]. endobj >> /StructParents 5 227 0 R] 0000049167 00000 n 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R Plectranthus amboinicus on Plasmodium berghei yoelii34. endobj endobj This increases the confidence in their safety to humans, particularly for use in the development of pharmaceuticals. 18 0 obj /F1 35 0 R We investigated therapeutic efficacy of P. amboinicus in treating Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) using collagen-induced arthritis animal model. Similarly, in sub-acute toxicity study methanolic extract 200,400 mg/kg body wt of Plectranthus amboinicus did not cause any changes in organs showed normal architecture suggesting no morphological disturbances. /Type /Page /Type /Group /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] 10 [235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R >> /Tabs /S >> Leaves are undivided (simple), broad, egg/oval-shaped with a… /Parent 2 0 R 0000001641 00000 n /F8 42 0 R 8 0 obj /S /Transparency 0000023800 00000 n /F4 38 0 R The paleotropical oil-rich genus, Plectranthus belongs to the subfamily Nepetoideae. >> >> It comprises about 300 species of annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs which are often succulents [18]. /F2 36 0 R /XObject << /F4 38 0 R /Image75 77 0 R << /F2 36 0 R << 4 [157 0 R 158 0 R 159 0 R 160 0 R 161 0 R 162 0 R 163 0 R 164 0 R 165 0 R 166 0 R /Tabs /S /F3 37 0 R << /F8 42 0 R [2] The stem is fleshy, about 30–90 cm, either with long rigid hairs (hispidly villous) or tomentose (densely covered with soft, short and erect hairs, pubescent). /Resources << 240 0 R 240 0 R 240 0 R 240 0 R 240 0 R 240 0 R 240 0 R 240 0 R 240 0 R 240 0 R /Meta49 56 0 R /S /Transparency Plectranthus amboinicus, otherwise called as Coleus amboinicus or Coleus aromaticus commonly known as country borage is a dicotyledonous plant of Lamiaceae family [4, 5]. /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] /F11 48 0 R 0000052185 00000 n /CS /DeviceRGB /Type /StructTreeRoot Spreng. endobj /S /Transparency /F2 36 0 R /Image43 53 0 R /F4 38 0 R NuTUdd�#2;����.��������/���w�����\����_.���]�����/���/��cG�~~H�����Q�c�W�����q2���9{�����᧻1y�����?���9�z����m��ˏ? [2] Majority of species within Plectranthus are used in traditional medicine 15 0 obj 0000050967 00000 n /CS /DeviceRGB /Font << is a perennial herb belonging to the family Lamiaceae which occurs naturally throughout the tropics and warm regions of Africa, Asia and Australia. /S /Sect plectranthus amboinicus pdf Key words: Peritoneal carcinomatosis Plectranthus amboinicus.Jul 11, 2011. endstream endobj 56 0 obj << /StemV 0 /FontName /HLNNOK+AdvTimes /FontFile3 57 0 R /Flags 6 /Descent -207 /FontBBox [ -217 -212 1005 766 ] /Ascent 715 /CapHeight 683 /XHeight 461 /Type /FontDescriptor /ItalicAngle 0 /CharSet (/A/d/v/a/n/c/e/s/P/u/b/l/i/t/o/two/three/N/m/r/zero/seven/colon/one/peri\ od/nine/slash/six/eight/parenleft/parenright/f/k/h/y/w/g/p/T/W/R/hyphen/\ L/z/I/S/G/comma/M/C/F/x/E/H/endash/j/percent/D/four/five/q/J/B/K/X/O/plu\ s/at/U/quoteright/semicolon/ampersand/V/asterisk/less/quoteleft/Y/Q/Z) >> endobj 57 0 obj << /Subtype /Type1C /Length 16450 /Filter /FlateDecode >> stream The potential medicinal and economic uses of Plectranthus are of great interest (Gaspar-Marques et al., 2006) as there are potentially << 259 0 R 259 0 R 259 0 R 259 0 R 259 0 R 259 0 R 259 0 R 259 0 R 260 0 R 261 0 R /CS /DeviceRGB %���� /Resources << /F2 36 0 R /XObject << << /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /F2 36 0 R stream >> /F2 36 0 R 0000052164 00000 n /Group << Key words: , Plectranthus amboinicus, MCF -7, MDA MB 231, Anticancer, Antioxidant. 2 0 obj Therefore, a batch experiment with different concentrations of lead and a nutrient film technique (NFT) experiment with recycling of wastewater were employed in this study in order to investigate the rhizofiltration of lead-containing wastewater using Plectranthus amboinicus, an aromatic medicinal … ����#�Q��j�z�-kDq��W3S�&S4ւ5��G�u�0 �Y Ӑ%���j3�V,�_�,�!��@!6��5+%�\��ג�0����x�e� ��\,_�N�p�FlNްDK��%�%�I�f��Z$��Pr Several species are sacred with spiritual powers as, for example, certain Ficus species. /F2 36 0 R >> 0000002662 00000 n /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /Font << /Group << /Group << Plectranthus amboinicus and Plectranthus barbatus are used to treat a wide range of diseases (13 categories) and accounts for about 68% of all traditional uses of the genus (Table 1, Table 2). /Meta59 65 0 R endobj /Contents 23 0 R medicine, rituals, and as food. /StructParents 15 /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] This herb has therapeutic and nutritional properties attributed to its natural phytochemical compounds which are highly valued in the pharmaceutical industry. endobj Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) 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