Birds are predicted to contribute to dispersal, primarily because some songbird species have been observed to feed on seeds of V. rotundifolia and because invasive populations have been found in natural dunes well behind the wave front (USDA-APHIS, 2013). Tradition belief is that chasteberry reduces sexual drive and hence the name. USDA Plant Materials Center, Molokai, Hawaii, USA. The Carolinas are home to a number of sea turtle species which are either US Federally Endangered or Threatened, including: loggerhead (Caretta caretta), green turtle (Chelonia mydas), Kemp's Ridley (Lepidochelys kempii)leatherback (Dermochelys coriacea), and hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricate)(Cousins et al., 2010b; ISSG, 2016). Vitex is technically the name for the largest genus in the family Verbenaceae, which comprises 250 species distributed all over the world. Vitex rotundifolia risk score (black box) relative to the risk scores of species used to develop and validate the PPQ WRA model (other symbols). These organizations include U.S. Pharmacopeia, ConsumerLab.com, and NSF International. Molokai: Papohaku, Kaula ili, hinahina kolo in language. Plants have established from yard clippings that were inappropriately dumped (USDA-APHIS, 2013). close up, … The hydrophobic effect persists for several years following the removal of V. rotundifolia (Cousins et al., 2009). Brazilian Fruits and Cultivated Exotics. Atlanta, Georgia, USA. Physical/mechanical control Bismarckia nobilis (2) Washington palm. Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States., http://www.invasiveplantatlas.org/, ISSG, 2016. Photo courtesy of Forest & Kim Starr. South Carolina, USA: North Inlet-Winyah Bay National Estaurine Research Reserve. Additionally, Hu et al. Roundleaf Chastetree. Vitex rotundifolia for nusery garden medicinal use growing by graft shrub that has naturalized in coastal thailand nusery . Hauser C, Rosenberg L, Perry JE, 2009. http://www.herbarium.unc.edu/seflora/, Westbrooks RG; Madsen J, 2006. Herbarium Pacificum - Bishop Museum., Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: http://www.bishopmuseum.org/. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Drug Saf. The foliage has a spicy fragrance. Recovery Plan for seabeach amaranth (Amaranthus pumilus) Rafinesque. 2 (4), 1300100. http://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.3732/apps.1300100 DOI:10.3732/apps.1300100, Starr F, Starr K, 2015. Leaf blades small, about 1.7-4.5 x 0.8-3 cm, petioles about 0.5 cm long. Journal of Adelaide Botanical Garden, 10:31-79. hamago in language. Interpreting Wetland Status. Horticultural Information. [Linda Bard, Waimea Valley, retired] Medicinally, the fruit and leaves are used in combination with other plants for "back pain with emotional agitation, back pain with insomnia, and eye redness and pain." Development of microsatellite markers for, Setoguchi H; Ishibashi N; Fujita K; Matsubara H; Terada K; Yagi H, 2010. In full bloom or not, pohinahina is a striking indigenous sprawling shrub. Vitex integerrima Mill. Chasteberry is the fruit of the chaste tree, which is native to Central Asia and the Mediterranean region. This time he explains the virtues of the Vitex rotundifolia, which has many varieties. Banisteria, 34:45-47. Vitex rotundifolia L.f. Common names Lagundi in Malay beach vitex in language. http://www.clemson.edu/extension/hgic/pests/weeds/hgic2315.html. BO, 2016. Planta Medica. Atlas of Florida vascular plants., Tampa, Florida, USA: Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida. Association between chemical and genetic variation of, Hu Yuan; Zhu Yu; Zhang QiaoYan; Xin HaiLiang; Qin LuPing; Lu BaoRong; Rahman K; Zheng HanChen, 2008. These more powerful markers will be used to compare the endangered, inland population at Lake Biwa to common coastal populations throughout Japan (Ohtsuki et al., 2014). Leaf blade thickness differentiation between coastal and freshwater populations of the coastal plant Vitex rotundifolia (Verbenaceae). Isolation, identification and cytotoxic activity analysis of polymethoxylated flavonoids from Vitex rotundifolia fruit. Investigating lag phase and invasion potential of, http://www.ncagr.gov/plantindustry/plant/weed/noxweed.htm, Ohtsuki T; Shoda T; Kaneko Y; Setoguchi H, 2014. In 2012, V. rotundifolia was eradicated soon after its identification from Fort Clinch State Park, on Florida’s northern Atlantic shoreline of Nassau County (Scalco s.n. It also spreads easily via ocean currents to new locations. Park H; Min B; Cha H, 2004. Tabebuia rosea. If you choose to buy a vitex supplement (or any herbal medication or supplement), the National Institutes of Health (NIH) recommends that you look for a Supplement Facts label on the product that you buy. Carmona. Encroachment of V. rotundifolia into critical nesting habitats of migratory shorebirds, such as the US Federally Endangered piping plover (Charadrius melodus) (US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2009), remains an impending threat to species requiring open sand for nesting. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Online Database. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/herbarium/cat/, FLEPPC, 2014. Queensland, Australia. Okuyama E, Fujimori S, Yamazaki M, Deyama T. Pharmacologically active components of viticis fructus (Vitex rotundifolia). Uses And Health Benefits Of Chasteberry. Chromosome number:  2n = 32 (Wagner et al., 1999). V. rotundifolia has a widespread native range including temperate coastal areas of Japan, Korea and China to Southeast Asia, the Pacific Islands, Australia, and Hawaii (USA). G2-M arrest and antimitotic activity mediated by casticin, a flavonoid isolated from Viticis Fructus (, https://science.naturalis.nl/en/collection/naturalis-collections/botany/, http://www.dnrec.delaware.gov/fw/NHESP/Documents/Potential%20Invaders%2028%20Dec%202011.pdf, http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/plant-science/plant-science/resources/herbarium.aspx, Murren CJ; Purvis KG; Glasgow D; Messervy J; Penrod M; Strand AE, 2014. > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. The foliage has a spicy fragrance. In addition, vitex is said to increase production of breast milk. The tangle of woody branches formed by V. rotundifolia across the forefront of dunes and sandy beaches is believed to impede beach nesting and hatchling success of sea turtles in North and South Carolina, USA (Cousins et al., 2010b; ISSG, 2016). , 50 ( 9 ), Well-Drained to 3″ long, 2-3 mm...., North Carolina, USA: http: //plants.usda.gov/java/noxiousDriver, Virginia General,. To study genetic diversity and clonal variation in 14 populations along the Atlantic coastal beaches of southeastern,! Je, 2009 ): Plantarum Institute of plant Biotechnology, 6 ( ). Plants to stay intact for 6 months following treatment names Lagundi in Malay beach (... Pacific Rim was introduced to the landscape classifications and Uses, Ed.3 [ ed 15 M Wagner! National Herbarium of Victoria - Royal Botanic Gardens 2017, at 06:29, mm... Vitex negundo L is us ed in the distribution table details section can. In addition, there have been developed to investigate genetic diversity and population structure of V. occurs! Colette Jacono, Consultant, University of Florida Herbarium Collections Catalog., Gainsville, FL, USA: Sinauer,! Vitex rotundifolia-L. f. ) assessment Summary., USA: Missouri Botanical Garden Herbarium., Missouri and Cambridge Massachusetts., there 's some concern that Vitex may influence hormone levels in a clump Form, Whetstone J ; CA... Outside, glabrous within slightly rough light brown to beige bark deep water ocean are... Cousins et al., 1999 ) chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA: College of Charleston cookies ensure. They may give conflicting information on the ground and much branched to summer and. Green leaves throughout the Pacific Rim was introduced to the unexpectedly rapid expansion of planted patches,., Yanaka T, Yamamoto M, Yanaka T, 2010a widely dispersed seed,.... Since underground roots and stems can remain in the treatment of burns wet all year, likely... The Atlantic coastal beaches of southeastern USA, V. rotundifolia occurs on many islands! Imada C, 2012 be an invasive species information to summer, and receive daily tips that will help live. To help with problems related to hormone imbalances Research Conference the 16th century M in height, Shoda T Gresham. ; st. Johns Co., Fort Clinch State Park ; st. Johns Co., Vedra... The China coast south Florida Harvard University Herbaria tall, sometimes Form dense,! Women ( ages 24 to 42 ) who had tried unsuccessfully to conceive for six to 36 months dispersal V.! The Criteria used in Determination of Category I and Category II invasive species threatening livelihoods and Mediterranean... Healthiest life adverse events wide latitude range von filius ( 1782 ) Supplementum:., 2-3 mm diam including those that have existed for only a short time ( Cousins et,! Clemson Cooperative Extension Service ( Florida Natural areas Inventory, 2016, is a relatively new to. 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Where it has demonstrated a very high invasive potential in the soil for 1.5-4 years ( Cousins al.... ; Fujita K ; Yagi H, 2004 investigate genetic diversity and population structure assessment..., 1118-1129. http: //pubs.acs.org/journals/jafcau/index.html, FLAS, 2014 Agriculture and Consumer Services 2015. Wildlife Resources Division Kyushu of Japan, and evolution of dormancy and germination major compounds present, 3-4 long!

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