Poultry Australia. Colours: Normal, Blue Fawn, Brown, Dusky, Fawn Laced Fawn, Silver, Yellow Billed White, White Billed White. The stern, paunch and tail are white and the tail has a broad band of white across the centre. It is one of the most popular egg-laying breeds in Australia. The drakes have a high libido, so a ratio of 1:5 drakes to ducks is recommended. However the Pekin is a much noisier option, if you like backyard ducks but have neighbours. Facts: The beautiful Saxony duck was originally bred by Mr Albert Franz by crossing Blue Pomeranians, Rouens and German Pekins in the 1930s. It is one of the most popular egg-laying breeds in Australia. Although once a favoured table bird, it is now kept mainly for exhibition. The breed is slightly larger than its Northern Hemisphere counterpart. Colours: Black Red is the most common colour. Tufted Variety Photo courtesy of Wayne Paternoster, Colours: Similar in colour to the Mallard, White variety also acceptable. Bill: Orange-Yellow, Eyes: Blue, Legs and Webs: Orange. The breed was developed by crossing two excellent egg laying breeds, the Barred Plymouth Rock and the Leghorn. They have strong wings, so can fly but do not migrate. They are good foragers but can be flighty and tend to shy away from human contact. Raising the rarest chicken breed for example. We thank all of those who helped with the census. Colours: White. One of their characteristics is the beautiful green and black eggs they lay. Because of the low cost, chicken meat (also called "chicken") is one of the most common kinds of meat in the world. Below we have pulled together a list of over 100 chicken breeds.. For each breed we describe their temperament and egg laying ability so you can find your perfect chicken. Facts: The Yokohama was developed in Germany from Japanese ancestral stock in common with the Phoenix. Facts: The Red Jungle Fowl is the primary progenitor of the domestic chicken and was first domesticated in Asia over five thousand years ago. It is lively, active and an excellent forager, making it happier in the garden than in a pen. It stands above 90 cm in height and has a long neck and long legs, often sitting on its shanks when resting. Chickens don’t have to be all work and no fun! Becoming a loyal supporter for heritage chicken breeds is a great way to protect endangered species from extinction. This breed covers a range of birds bred around the world, from the Australian Langshan to the German Langshan, and some others in between! Uses: Originally bred for Cockfighting, Table. They will lay around 70 -100 eggs per year. Comb: V-shaped comb and the remains of a small crest. While the female Rouens are of mottled light and dark brown with a black crown and eye-stripes. With its fast growth and large size it is ideally suited to the table and is also used in commercial meat production. The recommended breeding strategy is to breed a heterozygous Crested to a non-crested bird. The Langshan. Join the elite crowd of rare breed chicken owners! Read on for our comprehensive list of the top 20 chicken breeds for backyard chicken keepers to love. 10 of the Rarest Chicken Breeds . The chicks are hardy but require extra protein when their tails are growing. In fact, the Bantam is one of the most popular show breeds. Australia recognises a Red variety with a chestnut to red bay ground colour. The "Red" may be any shade from Yellow to Dark Red. It is currently only bred in Australia and New Zealand. As newly imported breeds gain admittance to the Australian Poultry Standards, they will be added to our survey list. Therefore, to draw attention to these endangered breeds, to support their long-term conservation, to support efforts to recover these breeds to historic levels of productivity, and to re-introduce these culinary and cultural treasures to the marketplace, The Livestock Conservancy is defining Heritage Chicken. Redcap chicks hatch with a Mahogany coloured down with a dark stripe and do not reveal their full colour until their second or third year. It has been introduced to Australia, New Zealand, South America, The Falkland Islands and South Africa. I saw this & had to share. Some of these breeds are no longer on the Red or the Amber lists however are at risk in terms of their variety rather than their breed. Both drakes and ducks also have blue speculum feathers. Having a TidyHQ Account lets us remember who you are so we can keep everything in one place for you ready to access and update at any time. They have become a popular duck as they are hardy, highly fertile, grow quite quickly and are one of the larger sized ducks, which also means they are generally unable to fly. About three-quarters of our respondents did give us this state information. It is one of the breeds used to create the Black Orpington. Two origin theories exist....the first being the African is a cross between the Wild Swan goose and the Chinese goose, and the second is the African is the pure derivation of the Swan goose and its unique traits are the result of selective breeding. Its stance should be slightly elevated at the shoulder but not upright. The breed is hardy, adaptable, alert and active with an economical appetite. The Dong Tao chicken breed is very rare and getting more so. The female is shorter and stockier. Often referred to as a Devil's Head due to the horn-like parallel points. Colours: Grey, Buff,   Male and Female colour markings are the same They should have pinkish-red bill, reddish-orange legs and blue eyes. Penciled varieties formed a part of the Hamburgh family, although our earliest positive knowledge traces them to direct importations from Holland, where they were brought in great numbers, and were originally known under the names of Dutch Everyday Layers or Dutch Everlasting Layers." Matings of Watervales back to unrelated Cayugas has proven the Watervale is a recessive mutant colour. Facts: The Aylesbury duck is a large, pure white duck that derives its name from the town of Aylesbury in Buckinghamshire. Here are 3 more rare chicken breeds that can be the best choice for some situations or are just plain fun to have around! A unique farm, totally dedicated to rare breeds and one that does not keep main stream commercial stock. Colours: Cream or creamy white throughout with a bright orange bill, legs and webs and  dark leaden blue eyes. They have been standardised since 1936. It is a pretty duck with similar colouring to the Welsh Harlequin but smaller and stockier than the Welsh. Facts: Rustic, lively and hardy, the birds will range widely and take flight easily. All varieties should have a five pointed comb and white earlobes. A survey never provides information on every single bird in Australia but it does hope to capture a sample that enables us to get a good idea of what breeds may be at risk in this country. The “national breed” of Australia is the dark dual-purpose Australorp. From the popular to the rare, we have the inside scoop on all the breeds that will make your flock the envy of all the neighbourhood coops! There are other colour varieties of Legbar however only the Cream Legbar will lay blue eggs. The primaries and secondaries are solid white. The large comb can be prone to frostbite in cold climates. They have also been effective in removing liver fluke infestations from farms. This means that the U.S. population of this breed … The males are generally a darker shade than the females. The beak is pinkish-horn, the eyes are medium brown and the legs and feet are pale pink. Facts: According to legend these were the birds that saved Rome from attack from the Gauls in 365BC. Which other breeds are in the mix is a little foggy but the Pekin is suspected to be one, due to the shape of the head, which was unknown in Europe before the Pekin arrived. In fact, the Bantam is one of the most popular show breeds. Colours: Male: shades of brown, grey, claret, off white with an iridescent green head and neck. The skin colour beneath the feathers is white and it is one of the few breeds with red earlobes that produces white eggs. All breeds monitored by the Rare Breeds Trust of Australia are recognised in the Australian Poultry Standard 2nd Edition (plus Addendum). Out of Stock. The geese will lay around 45-50 eggs per season. In the hens, the feathering can sometimes obscure the combs and wattles. The Rouen drake like the Mallard goes into an eclipse moult in the Summer and changes his brilliant plumage for that of the duck. Comb: Pea, low in front, fitting closely, the smaller the better. It is a tall, upright chicken that is active and does well under free range conditions. You may like to see other types of chicken breeds such as white and black chicken breeds , rare chicken breeds , chicken breeds that lay colored eggs , egg laying chicken breeds and small chicken breeds . For information on each individual breed listed within the Rare Breeds Trust of Australia's Watch List, simply click on the breed’s name. They love water and are great gardeners, ridding the garden of slugs and snails and the pond of mosquitoes. They are said to be tame and content birds, happier to eat grains and insects than vegetables. Comb: Single, medium with five well defined points. They love to forage for insects so make good gardeners. Facts: The Welsummer was named after the town of its origin, Welsum, in The Netherlands, and has much diversity in its pedigree including the Cochin, Partridge Wyandotte, Partridge Leghorn, Barnevelder and Rhode Island Red. Comb: Single, medium size, erect and set firmly and evenly on the head. The breeding aim is for solid black colour, as the beak and legs are also black. They like to roost in trees and require two metre+ fencing to contain them. It is a hardy and rugged fowl and is the largest and heaviest of the Mediterranean breeds. The tail coverts are as for the tail with a wide edging of light steel-grey approaching white. The primaries are barred black and white and the secondaries are alternately crossed with parallel black and white bars. The hens are good layers and the chicks appear to be normally feathered when hatched. It is named for its distinctive black and white colouring. Having relatively large wings for their diminutive size Dutch Bantams can fly quite well. In a later attempt to create the buff colour which was a fad at the time, Mrs Campbell bred her Campbell drakes back to a Penciled Runner duck. The legs and webs are a darker orange. Drake and duck are both the same colour. The hens are productive egg layers. Historically it is thought these tiny chickens were selectively bred because peasants were only allowed to keep chickens that laid small eggs with the larger eggs having to go to the landed gentry. The hens are good layers but not good sitters. The Livestock Conservancy has created a Conservation Priority List of these rare breeds, separated out by how threatened they are. Endangered Vulnerable At risk The hen lays white eggs, which is unusual for a bird with red ear lobes. The drakes have high libido, so it is advisable to have multiple ducks to drake so the ducks do not get injured. The breed is very rare and seldom seen on the show bench. From the popular to the rare, we have the inside scoop on all the breeds that will make your flock the envy of all the neighbourhood coops! They are a hardy and active breed and although usually friendly, the cocks can become aggressive. Comb: Saucer shaped cup, beginning at the base of the beak with a single leader and joined to a cup-shaped crown, set firmly on the centre of the skull, surmounted with well-defined and regular points, of medium size and fine texture, free from obvious spikes in the centre or cavity. The breed is an excellent forager and a good help in the garden enjoying a feed of slugs and snails. The Ameraucana is a cross breed between the Araucana and American domestic breeds of chicken. The feathers end in a distinct black band, the black gradually narrowing as the tail coverts approach. The eggs are large and although generally white, can also be green or blue tinted. The first being the Cambar. Whether you are looking for a superb egg layer, a stunning exhibition bird, or a pet, this article should have something for you. PGCs are present in the laid avian egg and reach a population of ∼150 cells in the circulatory system of the chicken embryo at 60 h of incubation (6, 40).To expand this small population of cells, we sampled the embryonic blood from single embryos of a heritage broiler breed chicken. This has given us a reasonably reliable sample from which to draw some conclusions. All primaries, sickles and tail feathers should have white tips. The primary and secondary feathers are white. Cream Legbar. There are three types of feathers.....frizzled, over frizzled and flat coated. The coverts are a light steel-grey forming a broad band across the wings when folded, with the feathers terminating in a distinct black band, forming a glossy ribbon-like mark, which separates them from the secondaries. On the wings, the primaries are dull black and the secondaries are white edged with black. Colours: Gold or Silver. Colours: Birchen, Blacks, Reds, Duck Wings, Dark Greys, Blues, Duns, Piles. It is an active and fairly wild breed that likes to roost in trees but is hardy and used to the cold Winters of Yorkshire and Lancashire. The crest is formed from a gene that is thought to be a lethal one, meaning that if two ducks with the same bloodline breed the eggs will either not hatch or the ducklings will have deformities such as arched neck, back and balance problems and complications in the formation of the skull that will lead to death before hatching. Here you’ll find a list of 61 different chicken breeds. They are friendly and easy to tame but are also gregarious and one of the noisiest ducks to own. The bird is a good forager but needs space to roam so it doesn't become overweight. The Redcap is a dual-purpose bird being used for egg and meat production. The ganders can be aggressive and will threaten with their wings. They are a medium sized bird and their Runner genes give them a slightly upright stance. The Rouen breed is a docile, heavy weight breed that is slow to mature, which is why they are not suitable for the commercial meat market. The plumage is tight and sleek on the body, the neck plumage is smooth, like velvet. The Roman makes an excellent "watch bird". Comb: Single, small, smooth and fine. The Australorp is an offshoot of the Orpington breed. The gene for the curling feathers is incompletely dominant over normal plumage, meaning not all members of the breed will have the frizzled feathers. It was developed early in the twentieth century in its namesake State, by using the Rhode Island Red and selecting for rapid growth, fast feathering, early maturity and vigour. There are two color variations for this chicken, the White and th… Whites, Brassy Backs, Furnaces, Polecats, Spangles, Creels, Uses: Originally bred for cockfighting, Ornamental, Table bird. The Langshan. This category includes those that are at the most risk--Critical and Threatened on the priority list. Facts: The Faverolles takes its name from the village of Faverolles in France and is classified as a heavy breed. The hens are protective and smart and make great mothers. Poultry Australia is proud to offer accurate information when choosing the right chicken/poultry breed for your needs. The breed is dual purpose producing a high number of eggs, around two hundred per year, as well as being one of the best meat producers. It is one of the few breeds where the male is hen feathered. No colour disqualified. Sign up to receive important information on new breeds and availability. Comb: Medium sized, single, well-developed, perfectly straight and upright with five well-defined points. It has been a rare breed since 1854 when some arrived in England, sent to the editor of The Poultry Chronicle, Mrs Elizabeth Watts, by a friend in Constantinople. I would like to pick a dual breed that is a good producer of both meat and eggs. Facts: The Phoenix was developed in Germany by Mr Hugo du Roi from the long tailed, Japanese Onagadori birds. Colours: Ashy brown, Fawn and White with dark Slate wings and light Slate coverts. Colours: Silver Spangled, Silver Pencilled, Gold Spangled, Gold Pencilled, Black, Blue, White. Please get in touch for additions and/or corrections. Facts: The Spanish breed originated in Spain but was very popular in Britain in the mid nineteenth century, and from around 1825 to 1895 was one of the best known breeds in the United States of America. The Cornish Cross is the preferred when picking a chicken for meat. They are quite social and chatty birds and although some are quite docile, they are good at reading nervousness and may become aggressive accordingly. The Andalusian was used by Mendel in his genetic experiments. Colours: Apricot Mallard, Apricot Silver, Bibbed, Blue Mallard (Formerly Blue Fawn) Blue Silver, Dusky Mallard, Magpie, Mallard Coloured (Formerly Brown),Pied Mallard, Silver, White, Uses: Originally used for hunting where their calls would attract other ducks, now Ornamental or Pets. Their bill is yellow or orange in color, often with pale green shading. Although originating in Hungary, it was in Germany that the breed was perfected and the lack of feathering is a dominant gene. Facts: The Sultan is an ornamental breed, first found strutting around the Sultan of Constantinople's palace garden. It was developed in the 1980s on a property in Watervale, South Australia, by Mr Holder, from a colour sport from a flock of Cayugas. The top is covered with fine points, narrowing behind to  a spike, turned slightly upwards. Colours: White and Black. Colours: Birchen, Black Red, Black, Blue Red, Brown Red, Golden Creel, Silver Creel, Blue Creel, Cuckoo, Golden Duckwing, Silver Duckwing, Blue Duckwing, Ginger, Lemon Blue, Pile, Spangled, Silver Blue, Self Blue, Wheatens, White, Comb: Single, small, upright, fine texture, evenly serrated.